Australian Military History – WW1

1 Battalion AIF Unit History 1914-19
The History of the First Battalion AIF 1914-19 – fought at Anzac, Suvla, Sari bair, Lone Pine, Pozieres, Bullecourt, Ypres, Passchendaele, Brrodseinde, Polygon Wood, Amiens, Albert, Hindenburg Line and more.
The Red and White Diamond – The Official History of the 24th Battalion Australian Imperial Force 1915 – 1919
The 24th Battalion was formed during the first week of May 1915. On 4 September 1915 the Battalion went ashore at Gallipoli. It spent the next 16 weeks sharing duty in the Lone Pine trenches with the 23rd Battalion. The Battalion proceeded to France in March 1916. It took part in its first major offensive around Pozières and Mouquet Farm in July and August 1917.In May 1917 the battalion participated in the successful, but costly, second battle of Bullecourt. It was involved for only a single day – 3 May – but suffered almost 80 per cent casualties. The AIF’s focus for the rest of the year was the Ypres sector in Belgium, and the 24th’s major engagement there was the seizure of Broodseinde Ridge. When the Allies took to the offensive, the 24th fulfilled supporting roles during the battles of Hamel and Amiens. At Mont St Quentin, however, it played a major role by recapturing the main German strong point atop the summit on 1 September 1918.

28th Battalion AIF – Unit History
The 28th Battalion was raised at Blackboy Camp in Western Australia on 16 April 1915. The battalion left Australia in June, and, after two months spent training in Egypt, landed at Gallipoli on 10 September. At Gallipoli, the 7th Brigade, which included the 28th Battalion, reinforced the weary New Zealand and Australian Division.

“The 28th: A Record of War Service in the Australian Imperial Force, 1915-19, Vol. I Egypt, Gallipoli, Lemnos Island, Sinai Peninsula” is the only one produced. Vol2 was never produced.

Div AIF – Over the Top with the 3rd Australian Division By GP Cuttriss  1917/1918. 139pp plus bw plates and other illustrations. Contemporary stories, sketches and poetry relating to the 3rd Division in World War One.  Illustrated by Neil McBeath. With Introduction by Major-General Sir John Monash.

3rd Battalion AIF – Randwick to Hargicourt
The battalion took part in the ANZAC landing on 25 April 1915 as part of the second and third waves and served there until the evacuation in December. In August, the battalion took part in the attack on Lone Pine. In France the battalion fought at Pozieres, Ypres and on the Somme.
The Story of the 21st – Being the Official History of the 21st Bn AIF

 

 

 

 

The 38th Battalion AIF – The Story and Official History of the 38th Bn

The 21st Battalion arrived in Egypt in June 1915 and proceeded to Gallipoli in late August. In early May 1917, the battalion fought at Bullecourt, and then in October participated in the 3-kilometre advance that captured Broodseinde Ridge, east of Ypres. The 21st battalion participated in the battles – Hamel, Amiens and Mont St. Quentin. The 21st could barely muster a company after the 1918 offensive. It was ordered to disband and in response, the men of the 21st mutinied on 25 September 1918. By the end of that day, the order was withdrawn, and the battalion fought its last battle at Montbrehain on 5 October. The following day it became the last Australian battalion to withdraw from active operations on the Western Front, and…..

The 38th Battalion –  After training in both Australia and Britain, the 38th Battalion crossed to France in late November 1916. In February 1917 the 38th Battalion provided 400 troops, with a similar party from the 37th Battalion, to form a special raiding “battalion”. The 38th fought in its first major battle at Messines, in Belgium, between 7-9 June 1917. It fought in another two major attacks in this sector – the battle of Broodseinde on 4 October, and the battle of Passchendaele on 12 October. It was the 38th’s most costly operation of the war, resulting in 62 per cent casualties. The 38th participated in its last major action of the war between 29 September and 2 October 1918 as part of the Australian-American operation that breached the formidable defences of the Hindenburg Line along the St Quentin Canal. It was disbanded in April 1919.


39 Battalion AIF 1916-19
The 39th Battalion was formed on 21 February 1916 at the Ballarat Showgrounds in Victoria and drew most of its recruits from the state’s Western District. The 39th fought in its first major battle at Messines, in Belgium, between 7-9 June 1917. The 39th fought in another two major attacks in this sector – the carefully planned and executed battle of Broodseinde on 4 October, and the disastrous battle of Passchendaele on 12 October.  When the German Army launched its last great offensive in the spring of 1918, the battalion was rushed south to France and played a role in turning the German drive aimed at the vital railway junction of Amiens. The 39th participated in its last major action of the war between 29 September and 2 October 1918 as part of the Australian-American operation that breached the formidable defences of the Hindenburg Line along the St Quentin Canal.

The Forty-First – Being a Record of the 41st Battalion AIF During the Great War 1914-18
The 41st Battalion was raised in February 1916 with recruits from Brisbane, northern Queensland and the northern rivers district of New South Wales. When the German Army launched its last great offensive in March 1918, the battalion was rushed south to France and played a role in blunting the drive towards the vital railway junction of Amiens. The Allies launched their own offensive on 8 August 1918, and the 41st played an active role both in the initial attack and the long advance that followed throughout August and into September. The 41st participated in its last major action of the war between 29 September and 2 October 1918 as part of the Australian-American operation that breached the formidable defences of the Hindenburg Line along the St Quentin Canal.
The Spirit of the Forty-Second – 42nd Battalian AIF The 42nd Battalion was raised at Enoggera, on the outskirts of Brisbane, in December 1915 and became part of the 11th Brigade of the 3rd Australian Division. The battalion became known as the “Australian Black Watch”. This association was recognised with a bagpipe band. After training in Australia and Britain, the 42nd deployed to France on 26 November 1916 and in 1917, the operations of the 3rd Division were focussed on the Ypres sector of Belgium. The 42nd participated in major battles at Messines on 7 June, Warneton on 31 July, Broodseinde on 4 October, and Passchendaele on 12 October. On 20 September 1918 the 42nd was ordered to disband to provide reinforcements for other battalions. Its men mutinied winning the Battalion a temporary reprieve. On 2 October the order to disband was once again issued. The men still disobeyed, but pressure from the AIF hierarchy eventually forced compliance. The 42nd Battalion was disbanded on 22 October 1918.
ANZAC:
The Forty-Third – the story and official history of the 43rd Battalion
 AIF
The battalion embarked in June 1916 and, after landing briefly in Egypt, went on to Britain for further training. The battalion arrived on the Western Front in late December. In June 1917 the battalion took part in the battle of Messines and in October the Third Battle of Ypres.The battalion spent much of 1918 fighting in the Somme valley. In April they helped stop the German Spring offensive at Villers-Bretonneux. In July the battalion was part of General Monash’s attack at Hamel. In August and September the battalion helped drive the Germans back to the Hindenburg Line.
ANZAC:
5 LH AIF – The History of the Fifth Light Horse
The history covers the monumental activities of this unit as a member of the ANZAC Corps at Gallipoli and as part of the Desrt Mounted Corps in Palestine (where the unit took part in the last great cavalry action in history – The Battle of Bersheeba)
ANZAC:
11LH Regiment AIF  – History of The Eleventh Light Horse Regiment 1914-19
The formation of the 11th Light Horse Regiment as part of it, was announced on 11 February 1915. Two squadrons of the 11th Light Horse were subsequently formed in Queensland, and a third in South Australia. The regiment deployed to Gallipoli as infantry at first. Returning to its mounted role, the 11th Light Horse joined the forces defending the Suez Canal. It joined its first major battle when it attacked Gaza. The 11th Light Horse participated in the pursuit that followed, and moved into the Jordan Valley in time to participate in the Es Salt raid.
ANZAC:
The History of the Fourteenth Battalion AIF
Principally from Melbourne and its suburbs the 14th Bn landed at ANZAC Cove on the afternoon of 25 April 1915. On 19 May the Turks launched a massive counter-attack. During this fighting Lance Corporal Albert Jacka of the 14th was awarded the AIF’s first Victoria Cross.  The battalion served at ANZAC until the evacuation in December. In June 1916 they sailed for France and the Western Front. From then until 1918, the battalion took part in bloody trench warfare. In March and April 1918, the battalion helped stop the German spring offensive. It subsequently participated in the great allied offensive of 1918, fighting near Amiens on 8 August 1918. This advance by British and empire troops was the greatest success in a single day on the Western Front, one that German General Erich Ludendorff described as “..the black day of the German Army in this war…”.
ANZAC:
With Horse and Morse in Mesopotamia – The Story of ANZACs in Asia
The fascinating histories during World War One in the middle east of the 1st Australian Pack Wireless Signal Troop, The NZ Wireless Signal Troop, the 1st Australian and New Zealand Wireless Signal Squadron, the 1st Cavalry Divisional Signal Squadron, the Light Motor Wireless Sections, the Australians of Dunsterforce (Persia and Russia), the Australian Nurses in India and the Australian Representative at Bombay. Photos and text of this rare book. Rare insight into an area of great interest to the world until this day.
ANZAC:
The Story of Dunsterforce – Stalky’s Forlorn Hope
The amazing story of the intervention in Persia/Iraq/and the trans-Caucasia to try to prevent German and Turkish troops capturing Baku and entering Persia after the collapse of Russia to the Bolsheviks in 1918.  A campaign that rings down through the years to today where the conflict between the Kurds, Armenians, Arabs, Iranians, Turks etc still rages.
ANZAC:
Adventures in the Near East – by LtCol Rawlinson
More on Dunsterforce, an extraordinary tale of adventure in the WW1 sideshow of the Middle East (Mesopotamia, Trans-Caucasia, Persia, Armenia, Turkey etc. His book tells the story of his adventures in the Near East in a singularly attractive form; his account of capturing a Bolshevik ship and piloting her out of Baku Harbour under very difficult circumstances will astonish many sailors. There is, however, a very sad side to his story, which, I am afraid, will very much distress many men and women of this country. Colonel Rawlinson put his uniform on in 1914, and did not take if off until March, 1923. He was cast into a Turkish prison for twenty months, and all but starved to death.
ANZAC:
Anzac Book
The Book of Anzac was written in the trenches of Anzac at Gallipoli late in 1915. Nearly every word was written and every line under fire.   Day and night, during the whole process of its composition~ the crack of the Mauser bullets overhead never ceased. At least one good soldier that we know of, who was preparing a contribution for these pages, met his death while the work was still unfinished. The ANZAC Book was to have been a New Year Magazine to help this little British Australasian fraternity in Turkey to while away the long winter in the trenches. This ebook includes, in addition to the ANZAC Book, a detailed description of the Gallipoli Campaign, reports and despatches related to the campaign, with extra photographs and maps.
ANZAC:
Anzac Memorial
Returned Sailors And Soldiers Imperial League Of Australia 1919 Peace edition – 655 pages. Includes a Roll of Honour of the Australian Imperial Forces, soldier”s stories and verses, and general history of Anzacs in Gallipoli and France, with numerous b/w pictures.
ANZAC:
Australasia Triumphant
A stirring triumphant tale of the Australians and New Zealanders at war. Published in 1916 this book covers the action at Rabaul and the Pacific, the despatch of the ANZEF, the sinking of the Emden, camp at Egypt, fight for the Suez Canal and the landings at Gallipoli. Illustrated with some great photographs.
ANZAC:
Australian and New Zealand expeditionary forces : assemblage at and departure from Albany
Australian and New Zealand expeditionary forces : assemblage at and departure from Albany. This rare publication is extensively illustrated, containing photographs of the troops on parade, boarding ship as well as shots of the troopships and naval escorts prior to their secret departure overseas for Egypt and Gallipoli.
ANZAC:
Australian Chivalry
Australian Chivalry is a large format commemorative book produced in the Depression (1933) by the Australian War Memorial. The book features Official War Artist paintings of the great War.
ANZAC:
Ashmead Bartlett’s Despatches from Gallipoli- An Epic in Heroism
This book, published during the Great War covers the preparations for the assault on Gallipoli, the naval Battle of the Dardanelles, the landings at ANZAC and Cape Helles and the battles for Krithia, Achi Baba and the heights of ANZAC from March to July 1915. Written by the influential war correspondent Ashmead Bartlett who praised the ANZAC troops for their courage in this campaign
ANZAC:
Australia in the Great War – The Story told in Pictures
The object of this publication (which was produced over eight issues in 1917-18) was to present a pictorial record of the Australian Imperial Force in France, Great Britain, Egypt and elsewhere. Fascinating collection of pictures of the Australians at War. Many not seen elsewhere and not printed since.
ANZAC:
Australian’s on the Western Front -Battlefield Tour  –  Special Edition
Australian’s on the Western Front – Battlefield Tour  – 200 page landscape colour book available in PDF format – This book follows an Australian War Memorial guided tour of the battlefields of France and Belgium where the First AIF fought in the First World War – This large book has full page plates of the locations, maps plus 100s of colour photos of the locations made famous by the Australians in the Great War. Descriptions are provided of the major campaigns and locations the Australians fought in. Contemporary photos of the front are also included for comparison where possible. Photos and descriptions of the 5 Divisional Memorials, the Corps memorial at Hamel, the Australian National Monument at Villers-Bretonneux and much more. Visits are made to many of the major war cemeteries as well as Amiens, Arras and Ypres (including the Menin Gate). Battlefields include the Somme, le Hamel, Mont St Quentin, Peronne, Bullecourt, Pozieres, Paschendaele, Fromelles, Messines, Notre Dame St Lorette, Hill 60 etc. In addition visits are made to the Normandy beaches, Bayeux, Caen, Brugges, Paris and the Imperial War Museum in London. A fabulous tribute to the men of the First AIF and a great research resource for anyone planning a visit to the Western Front.
ANZAC:
Australia’s Fighting Sons of The Empire – Western Australian edition
Australia’s Fighting Sons of The Empire – Western Australian edition – PORTRAITS & BIOGRAPHIES OF AUSTRALIANS IN THE GREAT WAR – Very rare 1918 book on CD, This large book has full page plates of Gallipoli, VC winners and a chronology of the great War. Aprox. 280 pages mostly of soldiers of the Great War, with 100s of photos and a brief history of each soldier. A fabulous tribute to the men of the First AIF and a great geneology resource.
ANZAC:
Battlefields of ANZAC – on which the Australasians won Deathless Fame
Battlefields of ANZAC – on which the Australasians won Deathless Fame – by the Correspondent of the Age. “A deeply interesting and historical series of views depicting the heroism of our gallant Anzac boys on the field of battle.” 32 pp of rare and fascinating photos on the Austalians and NZers at Gallipoli. Printed 1916.
ANZAC:
For Empire – First Expeditionary Force to the Motherland – Australia’s Rally to the Dear Old Flag – Victoria Honour Rolls
Souvenir books issued to commemorate the First Contingent of Victorian AIF soldiers who responded so readily to the Call to Arms to defend the English Motherland. Full listing of over 6,000 soldiers and officers of the Victorian Expeditionary Force AIF, Divisional HQ, 2nd Inf Bde – 5th Bn, 6th Bn, 7th Bn, 8th bn, 4th Light Horse, No. 2 Field Ambulance, AACC Regt, 2nd Field Artillery Bde, Divisional Ammunition Column, Engineer’s Regt and AAS Corps.
ANZAC:
For Empire – First Expeditionary Force to the Motherland – Australia’s Rally to the Dear Old Flag – NSW  Honour Rolls
Souvenir books issued to commemorate the First Contingent of NSW AIF soldiers who responded so readily to the Call to Arms to defend the English Motherland. Full listing of over 6.000 soldiers and officers of the NSW Expeditionary Force AIF, pictures of officers (including LtCol MaClaurin), picture officers of the 1st and 2nd Regiments Australian Light Horse, listing of Divisional HQ, 1st Light Horse, 1st Infantry Brigade, 1st Bn, 2nd Bn, 3rd bn, 4th Bn 1st Field Artillery Brigade, Field Engineers, Army Service Corps, 1st Field Ambulance and Nurses. Full page pictures of officers and photographs of preparation and training.
ANZAC:
Imperishable ANZACS
Imperishable Anzacs : a story of Australia’s famous First Brigade from the diary of H.W. Cavill. Published Sydney : William Brooks, 1916. A description of the AIF in Egypt and the landing at Gallipoli. Illustrated.
ANZAC:
The Dardanelles – An Epic told in Pictures – Rare 1915 book
112 pages of pictures and text. Includes foreword, full page pictures of the campaign at Cape Helles, ANZAC and Suvla from the landing to the evacuation. Fantastic collection of contemporary pictures, many not found elsewhere. The Alfieri Picture Service, London, Softcover, photographs of the conflict + map and a “description of the operations from General Sir Ian Hamilton’s official despatch.” This book simply has one of the best collections of Gallipoli pictures I have seen anywhere
ANZAC:
The Dardanelles – Their Significance and Their Story in the Great War – Rare 1915 book on the campaign
A book by EC Buley which describes the long and fascinating history of the Dardanelles (Hellespont) putting into context the campaign of 1915. Covers the attempt to force a passage through the straits and the landings at Cape Helles and ANZAC. A very popular account at the time but now very hard to find. Includes several interesting plates of the Castle at Sedd-ul-Bahr and maps. A must have for the Gallipoli collection.
ANZAC:
Where the Australians Rest
“Where the Australians Rest: a description of many of the cemeteries overseas in which Australians, including those whose names can never now be known, are buried” (Melbourne: Department of Defence, 1920) 75pp Facsimile of this rare publication, easily accessible in high resolution PDF format and distributed on CD. Description of the Australian War Cemeteries – includes pen drawings of the cemeteries.
Covers France, Belgium, Galliopoli, Malta, Egypt, Palestine and England. Updated with comparative photos of Australian War Cemeteries in Gallipoli, France and Belgium.
Provided as a PDF attachment to the original book in facsimile.
ANZAC:
With Our Army in Palestine
This book is an attempt to give some idea of the work and play and, occasionally, the sufferings of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, from the time of its inception in WW1 to the Armistice in it’s campaigns in Egypt and Palestine. Covers battles of Gaza and Beersheba, much in-between and on over the Tyre into Lebanon. Includes references to Australian Light Horse actions.
Australian Campaigns in the Great War being a concise history of the Australian Naval and Military Forces 1914 to 1918 Australian Campaigns in the Great War being a concise history of the Australian Naval and Military Forces 1914 to 1918 by Lt the Hon. Staniforth Smith – with a preface by Ernest Scott. (160MB download). Includes 5 maps of Gallipoli, Western Front and Palestine campaigns and 16 illustrations. 206pp.

GALLIPOLI DIARY – Vol 1
By General SIR IAN HAMILTON, G.C.B. Published 1920. Hamilton spent six fruitless months unimaginatively bombarding the Turks at Gallipoli, making little progress but incurring severe casualties. Made a scapegoat for the failure of the operation (despite being hopelessly undermanned and having faced formidable logistical difficulties), Hamilton was recalled to London on 16 October 1915, effectively ending his military career. He published a two volume diary of his wartime experiences, Gallipoli Diary, in 1920. This Ebook is of the first volume of his wartime experiences, the most important covering the period before and after the landing and the lead-up to stalemate.

GALLIPOLI DIARY – Vol 2
By General SIR IAN HAMILTON, G.C.B. Published 1920. Hamilton spent six fruitless months unimaginatively bombarding the Turks at Gallipoli, making little progress but incurring severe casualties. Made a scapegoat for the failure of the operation (despite being hopelessly undermanned and having faced formidable logistical difficulties), Hamilton was recalled to London on 16 October 1915, effectively ending his military career. He published a two volume diary of his wartime experiences, Gallipoli Diary, in 1920. This Ebook is of the second volume of his wartime experiences, covering the Suvla landing, August offensives and the lead-up to evacuation.

Antwerp to Gallipoli – A Year of the War on Many Fronts—and Behind Them
A fascinating behind the scenes account of WW1…..Arthur Ruhl was privileged to see the Dardanelles and Gallipoli fronts from behind Turkish lines. A keen observer his reports make fascinating reading.

At Suvla Bay – Being the Notes and Sketches of Scenes, Characters and Adventures of the Dardanelles Campaign
A very good first account of the tragic campaign at Suvla Bay Gallipoli 1915 – covers the landing, Kiretch tep, Chocolate Hills, Pear tree Gully, Australian bridging team and Indian Mule team.
Twelve Months with the Australian Expeditionary Force by “An ANZAC” TWELVE MONTHS WITH THE AUSTRALIAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCE BY “AN ANZAC”

From the preface: “My main reason for writing this book is that the greatest attack that was made on the Peninsula has never been personally described by a combatant, viz., the attack on Achi Baba on May 8th; we were too far ahead for any reporter to get up to our lines.
In my notes you will read about Suvla
Bay and ” Lone Pine,” but, believe me, they
were “birthdays” compared with the attack
on Achi Baba. Some people will tell you that the Gallipoli campaign has been a failure. These
people think that to be successful in a war
you have to take huge tracts of land or thou-
sands of prisoners and large quantities of
munitions. They are wrong. We knew that
we had been successful, and I will tell you the
reason why we claim to have been successful. We have kept an army of Turks numbering more than two hundred and fifty thousand occupied on the Peninsula, and have kept them from fighting on other frontiers.
The Germans said, if we waited till 1920
we would never land there. We landed in
five minutes”.

Gallipoli:
The Defense of Gallipoli – A General Staff Study – by Lt Col George Patton
An extraordinary and insightful, independent study of the Gallipoli campaign by an independent and controversial military authority.

Covers all aspects of the first modern amphibious landing under fire. Great reading and challenges many British and Australian views of the campaign.

Gallipoli:
The Incomparable 29th and the “River Clyde”
A graphic description of the despatch of the 29th Division to Gallipoli in 1915 and the bloody and horrendous landing at Cape Helles. The British 29th Division, known as the Incomparable Division, was a First World War regular army infantry division formed in early 1915 by combining various units that had been acting as garrisons about the British Empire. Under the command of Major General Aylmer Hunter-Weston, the division fought throughout the Battle of Gallipoli, including the original landing at Cape Helles. From 1916 to the end of the war the division fought on the Western Front in France.
Gallipoli:
Ambassador Morgenthau’s Story
By Ambassador Morganthau, Formerly American Ambassador to Turkey – Illustrated. Published 1918. Inside story on the war in Turkey, the Gallipoli campaign, the downfall of the Sultan and the massacre of the Armenians.
Gallipoli:
Gallipoli by John Masefield
A very readable account by a well known author of: The Dardanelles Campaign April—The Landing May—The First Offensive June—Digging In August—The Final Assault December—The Withdrawal
Gallipoli:
A Prisoner in Turkey
A Prisoner in Turkey by John Still. 1920. Illustrated. At dawn on the 9th of August, 1915, the 6th Battalion of the East Yorkshire Regiment received an order to attack the great hill that towers above Anafarta. The order was late, hours too late, for the messenger had lost his way; so, although we did not know it at the time, we had already forfeited our chance, and were launched upon a forlorn endeavour. About thirty of us reached the top of the hill, perhaps a few more
WW1:
Australia Versus Germany – The Story of the taking of German New Guinea
An account of the first military campaign undertaken single-handedly by the new Australian Nation.  Following the outbreak of World War I, Australian troops captured Kaiser-Wilhelmsland and the nearby islands in 1914, after a short resistance led by Captain Carl von Klewitz and Lt. Robert “Lord Bob” von Blumenthal. The Australians suffered six dead and four wounded — the first Australian military casualties of the First World War. Includes numerous photographs and details of this little known campaign.
WW1:
How Australia took German New Guinea – An Illustrated Record of the Australian Naval & Military Expedition Force
How Australia took German New Guinea – An Illustrated Record of the Australian Naval & Military Expedition Force, Sydney, 1915.:by Frederick Spencer Burnell. (36MB download). A pictorial essay published shortly after the capture of German New Guinea – 85pp, primarily photographs of the expeditionary force and campaign to take Rabaul. Includes Official History of the Campaign.