AFGHANISTAN: A SHORT ACCOUNT OF AFGHANISTAN, ITS HISTORY, AND OUR DEALINGS WITH IT.
A SHORT ACCOUNT OF AFGHANISTAN, ITS
HISTORY, AND OUR DEALINGS
P. F. WALKER,
BARRISTER-AT-LAW. (LATE 75TH REGIMENT.)
The author having been present in Afghanistan during part of the Afghan war, is able in these pages to supply some details from his personal experience as well as information derived on the spot; for the rest, he wishes to express the obligations he is under towards the authorities from whom he has derived his information; they are--Kaye's "Afghanistan War," various histories of India, Elphinstone's "Kingdom of Cabul," the "Account of the Massacre of the Cabul Army," by Lieutenant Eyre, Malleson's "History of Afghanistan," and other books, together with letters and articles in various magazines and newspapers. The object of this book is to lay before the public a short history of Afghanistan, which, can be read in a few hours, and will give, the author trusts, an accurate account of the history of a country at the present time attracting considerable attention from the importance of its position in relation to our Indian Empire. Download now (350KB)
Among The Wild Tribes Of The Afghan Frontier - Theodore Leighton Pennell (1867–1912), was a Christian missionary and doctor who lived among the tribes of Afghanistan. He founded a missionary hospital in Bannu in the North-West Frontier of British India, now Pakistan. For his work he received the Kaisar-i-Hind Medal for Public Service in India. He published a work on his life under the title Among the wild tribes of the Afghan frontier in 1908. During 1904 Pennell travelled through the Punjab by bicycle, mixing with the local people, with one Afghan companion. He dressed as a sadhu, and was often penniless. An insightful book into the complex life style of the Pashtun and the war-like ways of tribal society. An area of interest still to modern readers.
History of the Afghans
by JP Ferrier
Translation from the original unpublished French manuscript by Captain William Jesse. Published in 1858.
History of Afghanistan - covers earliest known history, conquest by Alexander to the English conquest of Punjab and the intrigues in Khiva and the death of Colonel Stoddart. Download now (27MB)
History of the War in Afghanistan
by JW Kaye
Covers the period after the initial occupation of Afghanistan by the British Indian Army. Detailed and fascinating account of this tragic time in Afghan history. Some British troops returned to India, but it soon became clear that Shuja's rule could only be maintained with the presence of British forces. The Afghans resented the British presence and Shah Shuja. As the occupation dragged on, MacNaghten allowed his soldiers to bring in their families to improve morale; this further infuriated the Afghans, as it appeared the British were settling into a permanent occupation. After he unsuccessfully attacked the British and their Afghan protégé, Dost Mohammad surrendered to them and was exiled in India in late 1840.
By October 1841, however, disaffected Afghan tribes were flocking to support Dost Mohammad's son, Mohammad Akbar Khan, in Bamian. In November 1841 a senior British officer, Sir Alexander 'Sekundar' Burnes, and his aides were killed by a mob in Kabul. The substantial remaining British forces in their cantonment just outside Kabul did nothing immediately. In the following weeks the British commanders tried to negotiate with Mohammad Akbar. In a secret meeting, MacNaghten offered to make Akbar Afghanistan's vizier in exchange for allowing the British to stay. Rather than betray his countrymen, Akbar ordered MacNaghten thrown in prison. Along the way to prison, an angry mob killed MacNaghten and his dismembered corpse was paraded through Kabul
On January 1, 1842 following some unusual thinking by Elphinstone an agreement was reached that provided for the safe exodus of the British garrison and its dependents from Afghanistan. Five days later, the retreat began, The departing British contingent numbered around 14–16,000, of about 4,500 military personnel, and over 10,000 civilian camp followers; the military force consisted mostly of Indian units and one British battalion, the 44th.
As they struggled through the snowbound passes, the British were attacked by Ghilzai warriors. The evacuees were harassed down the 30 miles (48 km) of treacherous gorges and passes lying along the Kabul River between Kabul and Gandomak, and massacred at the Gandamak pass before reaching the besieged garrison at Jalalabad. The force had been reduced to fewer than forty men by a retreat from Kabul that had become, towards the end, a running battle through two feet of snow. The ground was frozen, the men had no shelter and had little food for weeks. Only a dozen of the men had working muskets, the officers their pistols and a few unbroken swords. The only Briton known to have escaped was Dr. William Brydon, though a few others were captured.
The complete destruction of the garrison prompted brutal retaliation by the British against the Afghans and touched off yet another power struggle for dominance of Afghanistan. Shuja, his British protectors gone, remained in power only a few months before being assassinated in April 1842. In the autumn of 1842, British forces from Kandahar and Peshawar entered Kabul just long enough to rescue the few British prisoners and burn the citadel and Great Bazaar. Although the foreign invasion provided the Afghan tribes with a temporary sense of unity they had previously lacked, the loss of life and property was followed by a bitter resentment of foreign influence which continues to this day. Download now (192MB)
THE AFGHAN WARS
1839-42 and 1878-80
With Portraits and Plans (maps)
Describes Anglo-Afghan Wars (First British involvement with Afghanistan):
First Anglo-Afghan War (1839–1842) and
Second Anglo-Afghan War (1878–1881). Download now (3.8MB)
The Story of Lord Roberts by Edmund Francis Sellar - 1906
Colour plates -
Arrival in India At Peshawur
Meeting with Nicholson ,
The Mutiny ,
The Ridge at Delhi ,
Cawnpore and Lucknow ,
The End of the Mutiny ,
Return to India,
South African War,
Download now this biography of a Victorian military hero. (2.5MB)
The Story of the Malakand Field Force: An Episode of Frontier War was an 1898 book written by Winston Churchill; it was his first published work of non-fiction.
Members of the 45th Sikhs after the siege had been lifted.
It details an 1897 military campaign on the Northwest Frontier (an area now part of Pakistan). Churchill participated in the campaign as a second lieutenant in the cavalry; he volunteered for the posting, having become bored of playing polo in India.